Acne Treatment 2021

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne affects up to 50 million Americans every year. Though it’s the most common skin condition in the United States, determining the best acne treatment for your skin is still a mystery to many.

Acne treatments include prescription medications, including topical and oral varieties, and over-the-counter (OTC) skin care products.

To narrow down the vast list of options, we enlisted the expertise of board certified dermatologists.

While their first recommendation is usually to see a medical professional who specializes in dermatology, some mild acne types can be treated with simple OTC products.

For moderate to severe acne, prescription-strength treatments and the expert advice of a dermatologist may be necessary.

Keep reading to learn what causes acne and the appropriate treatment options for the various types of acne according to the pros.

What causes acne?

The cause of acne usually boils down to clogged pores when a mix of sebum, bacteria, and dead skin cells are trapped in a hair follicle.

Each pore on the surface of skin is the opening to a hair follicle, which is made up of a hair and an oil gland. When working properly, the oil gland releases sebum that travels up the hair and out of the pore. The sebum reaches the skin, where its job is to keep skin lubricated.

If part of this process goes awry, acne may occur.

This can be due to excessive sebum produced by the oil gland, a buildup of dead skin cells, or the accumulation of bacteria — all of which can lead to clogged pores that contribute to the formulation of acne.

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